The primary purpose of descriptive writing is to describe a person, place, or thing in such a way that a picture is formed in the reader’s mind. Capturing an event through descriptive writing involves paying close attention to details by using all of your five senses. Developing descriptive writing skills encourages students to use new vocabulary words, figurative language, and include details making their writing pieces interesting and engaging to read. (Reading Rockets, www.readingrockets.com)
Following are examples of Figurative Language:
Hyperbole: Exaggeration. Takes a truth and exaggerates it. “I’m so tired I could sleep for a year.”
Idioms: A sentence that alone is silly or absurd, but has a whole different meaning. “It’s raining cats and dogs outside.”
Onomatopoeia: Sound words. Thump! Meow! Beep!
Personification: Taking an object or animal and giving it human qualities. “The trees whispered as they danced in the wind.”
Similies and Metaphors: Compare two things. Similies use the words likeor asto compare. “She is silly like a circus clown.” Metaphors state that one thing issomething else. Metaphors do not use the words likeor asto compare. “Books are food for the brain.”
Alliteration: Sentences having several words with the same letter or letter sound at the beginning. “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.”